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Forming a Business: Rights & Responsibilities
When business owners choose to form a corporation, LLC, or LP, they must file the proper formation papers with their home state and any other states in which they register to do business. The states then essentially grant the right to conduct business as a statutory business entity with all the advantages this brings. To maintain this right, the business becomes subject to a host of business laws and requirements. These include appointing a registered agent, making timely filings of required forms, and paying fees and/or franchise taxes.
As long as businesses comply with all these requirements, they are designated as being in “good standing” on the state’s records, and they keep all the rights and privileges of doing business as a statutory entity.
However, entities that don’t stay on top of their compliance obligations can lose their Certificate of Good Standing. The business will instead be considered “delinquent,” “void,” “suspended” or “dissolved.” The meaning and severity of these terms varies depending on the state, which compliance requirements were failed, and the duration of the failure.
Loss of Good Standing Can Damage Your Ability to Do Business
All corporations should be aware of the serious consequences that losing good standing status can have, including these actions:
What Causes the Loss of Good Standing?
The primary reason a corporation loses its good standing status is that it lets annual reports or franchise tax obligations lapse. However, there are many ways this can happen, and many reasons these issues can remain undetected until the worst possible time – for example, at the closing table for an expansion or financing deal.
Voluntary status changes. An entity’s status can change several times during its business life-cycle. Status changes that are driven by the business itself frequently trigger new annual report or franchise tax requirements; these include mergers, acquisitions, expanding into new locations or converting entity types. It’s also important to note that when closing a business, owners remain liable for all required filings, taxes and penalties until they file official dissolution or withdrawal forms with every relevant state.
States change requirements. States often change deadlines, raise fees, or issue new forms. For various reasons, businesses may not know about the changes – notifications may not be sent or are directed to the wrong person, or the importance of the communication is overlooked.
Weak internal processes. Maintaining entity status is often not a core responsibility, and is sometimes spread across different departments such as legal, tax and finance. Even in businesses that have designated entity maintenance teams, employees may be relying on tools and processes that are inadequate for monitoring both entity information and state laws and requirements.
Stay Compliant and Protect Your Good Standing Status
Regardless of how the compliance failure happened, in the eyes of the state, a business has either met all its corporate compliance obligations and is in good standing, or it hasn’t.
Take a proactive compliance stance to keep your business healthy and on track. Businesses have many options today, ranging from web-based tools that support a do-it-yourself approach, to partnering with an expert full-service registered agent to create customized best practices. Evaluate the complexity of your compliance situation. Businesses with simple entity structures may consider interactive, collaborative compliance calendars offered by companies that specialize in corporate compliance. Businesses with many entities doing business in multiple states have exponentially more complex compliance needs. Consulting with specialized service providers can head off status problems before they occur, and empower compliance professionals to proactively manage the risks.
Managing annual report requirements requires constant attention, especially if you have multiple entities across jurisdictions. Learn more about how to efficiently keep all your entities in good standing. Contact a CT representative at 844-682-1582 (toll-free U.S.)
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